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MS Word

MS Word

What is MS Word?
     
  MS Word stands for Microsoft Office Word. Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft. It was first released on October 25, 1983. The name of ms word at that time was Multi-Tool Word for Xenix system. Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), Apple Macintosh running the Classic Mac OS (1985), Microsoft Windows (1989), OS/2 (1989), Microsoft Windows(1989). SCO Unix (1994), and macOS (formerly OS X; 2001). In Word there are also many version from the beginning of the word page from the beginning. There are many versions like Word 97 / word 98 / Word 2000 / Word 2002 /  Word 2003 / Microsoft word 2007 /  Word 2010 / Word 2013 / Word 2016 /  Word 2019. The latest updated version of the Microsoft office word  is  Word 2019.
     Commercial versions of  Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite. Microsoft Word Viewer and Office Online are freeware editions of Word with limited features.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e5/Word_for_Mac_2016.png
Microsoft Word For MacOS


Steps to open the MS Word:

Steps to open the MS Word in Windows (7 / 8 / 8.1 / 10):

  • Click on " start button" and go to "Search" option.
  • A search dialogue box will open, now write " MS Word"  or  if  MS Word  (Microsoft office Word 2007/ Microsoft office Word 2010/ Microsoft office Word 2016 /  Microsoft office Word 2019).
  • Now click on MS Word  (Microsoft office Word 2007/ Microsoft office Word 2010/ Microsoft office Word 2016 /  Microsoft office Word 2019).
  • Your MS Word will appears on the computer screen.

Other Steps to open MS Word:

  • Click on the right mouse button on the computer screen, a drop down dialogue box will appears on the screen.
  • Select the MS Word  (Microsoft office Word 2007/ Microsoft office Word 2010/ Microsoft office Word 2016 /  Microsoft office Word 2019).
  • Your MS Word will become open.

Steps to open the MS Word on Windows XP / Ultimate:

  • Click on the "start button" on the bottom left corner of the computer screen.
  • Select the MS Word  (Microsoft office Word 2007/ Microsoft office Word 2010/ Microsoft office Word 2016 /  Microsoft office Word 2019).
  • Your MS Word will become open.

History

In 1981, Microsoft hired Chales Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC. Simonyi started work on a word processor called Multi-Tool Word and soon hired Richard Brodie, a former Xerox intern, who became the primary software engineer.
  Microsoft announced that the Multi-Tool Word for Xenix and MS-DOS in 1983 issue of PC World, making it the first to be distributed on-disk with a magazine. That year Microsoft demonstrated Word running on Windows.
  Unlike most MS-DOS programs at the time, Microsoft Word was designed to be used with a mouse. Microsoft steadily improved the product, releasing versions 2.0 through 5.0 over the next six years. In 1985, Microsoft ported Word to the classic Mac OS ( known as Macintosh System Software at the time). This was made easier by Word for DOS having been designed for use with high-resolution displays and laser printers, even though none were yet available to the general people. 

    The second release of Word for Mac OS, shipped in 1987, was named Word 3.0 to synchronize its version number with Word for DOS; this was Microsoft's first attempt to synchronize version numbers across platforms. Word 3.0 included numerous internal enhancements and new features, including the first implementation of the Rich Text Format(RTF) specification, but was plagued with bugs. Within a few months, Word 3.0 was superseded by a more stable Word 3.01, which was mailed free to all registered users of  3.0. After MacWrite Pro was discontinued in the mid-1990s, Word for MacOS never had any serious rivals. Word 5.1 for MacOS, released in 1992, was a very popular word processor owing to its elegance, relative ease of use and feature set. Many users say it is the best version of Word for MacOS ever created.
    In 1986, an agreement between Atari and Microsoft brought Word to the Atari ST under the name Microsoft Write. The Atari ST version was a port of Word 1.05 for the MacOS and was never updated.

Word for Windows

Basically the features of Word for Windows have different features which was regarding as the features inbuilt in the computer or we can say the compatibility of the computer or the status of the computer which we are using. All the computer have their own configuration, and all the apps we can install in our computer is as  per regarding our computer configuration. Word for Windows is available stand-alone or as part of the Microsoft Office suite. Word contains rudimentary desktop publishing capabilities and is the most widely used word processing program on the market. Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e-mail because almost every user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word appication, a Word viewer or a word processor that imports the Word format.
    Word 6 for Windows NT was the first 32-bit version of the product, released with Microsoft Office for Windows NT around the same time as Windows 95. It was  a straightforward port of Word 6.0. Starting with Word 95, releases of Word were named after the year of its release, instead of its version number.
    Word 2010 allows more customization of the Ribbon, adds a Backstage view for file management, has improved document navigation, allows creation and embedding of screenshots, and integrates with Word Web App.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/23/MS_Word_2007.png
Word For Windows


Word for Mac

In 1977, Microsoft formed the Macintosh Business Unit as an independent group within Microsoft focused on writing software for MacOS. Its first version of Word, Word 98, was released with Office 98 Macitosh Edition. Document compatibility reached parity with Word 97, and it included features from Word 97 for Windows, including spell and grammar checking with squiggles. Users could choose the menus and keyboard shortcuts to be similar to either Word 97 for Windows or Word 5 for MacOS.
    Word 2001, released in 2000, added a few new features, including the Office Clipboard, which allowed users to copy and paste multiple items. It was the last version to run on classic MacOS and, on MacOS X, it could only run within the Classic Environment. Word X, released in 2001, was the first version to run natively n, and required, MacOS X, and introduced non-contiguous text selection. 
   Word 2004 was released in May 2004. It included a new Notebook Layout  view  for taking notes either by tying or by voice. Other features, such as tracking changes, were made more similar with Office for Windows.
   Word 2008, released on January 15, 2008, included a Ribbon-like feature, called the Elements Gallery, that can be used to select page layouts and insert custom diagrams and images. It also included a new view focused on publishing layout, integrated bibliography management, and native support for the new Office Open XML format. It was the first version to run natively on Intel-based Macs.
   Word 2011, released in October 2010, replaced the Elements Gallery in favor of a Ribbon user interface that is much more similar to Office for Windows, and includes a full-screen mode that allows users to focus on reading and writing documents, and support for Office Web Apps.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/23/MS_Word_2007.png
Microsoft Word For Mac2011

Features of MS Word

 Among all the features of the MS Word, Word includes a built-in spell checker, a thesaurus, a directory, and utilities for manipulating and editing text. The following are some aspects of its feature set.

Templates

Several later versions of Word include the ability for users to create their own formatting templates, allowing them to define a file in which the title, heading, paragraph, and other element designs that are unique from the standard Word templates. Users can find how to do this under the Help section located near the top right corner (Word 2013 on Windows 8). Normal.dot  is one of the example of the Word templates.
 Normal.dot is the master templates from which all Word documents are created. It determines the margin defaults as well as the layout of the text and font defaults. Although normal.dot is already set with certain defaults, the user can change normal.dot to new defaults. This will change other documents which were created using the templates, usually in unexpected ways.

WordArt in Ms Word

WordArt enables drawing text in a Microsoft Word documents such as a title, watermark or other text, with graphical effects such as skewing, shadowing, rotating, stretching in  a variety of shapes and colors adn even including three-dimensional effects. User can also spell-check text that uses visual effects, and add text effects to paragraph styles. 
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/WordArt.png
WordArt

Macros In MS Word

A Macro is a rule of pattern that specifies how a certain input sequence (often a sequence of characters) should be mapped to an output sequence according to defined process. Frequently used or repetative sequences of keystrokes and mouse movements can be automated. Like Microsoft Office documents, Word files can include advanced macros and even embedded programs. The language was originally WordBasic, but changed to Visual Basic for Applications as of Word 97.
   Word's macro security setting, which regulates when macros may execute, can be adjusted by the user, but in the most recent version of Word, is set to HIGH by default, generally reducing the risk from macro-based viruses, which have become uncommon.

Layout issues

Before Word 2010 (Word 14) for Windows, the program was unable to correctly handle ligatures defined in TrueType fonts. Those ligature glyphs with Unicode codepoints may be inserted manually, but are not recoginzed by Word for what they are, breaking spell checking, while custom ligatures present in the font are not accessible at all. Since word 2010, the program now has advanced typesetting features which can be enabled. OpenType lligatures, kerning, and hypernation. Other layout deficiencies of Word include the inability to set crop marks or thin spaces. 
    In Word 2004 for Mac OS X, support of complex scripts was inferior even to Word 97, and Word 2004 does not support Apple Advanced Typography features like ligatures or glyph variants.

Bullets and Numbering In MS Word

Microsoft Word supports bullet lists and numbered lists. It also features a numbering system that helps add correct numbers to pages, chapters, headers,footnotes and entries of tables of content, these numbers automatically change to correct ones as new items are added or existing items are deleted. Bullets and numbering can be applied directly to paragraphs and convert them to lists. Word 97 through 2003. however, had problems adding correct numbers to numbered lists. In particular, a second irrelevant numbered list might have not started with number one, but instead resumed numbering after the last numbered list. Although Word 97 supported a hidden marker that said the list numbering must restart afterwards, the command to insert this marker (Restart Numbering command) was only added in Word 2003. However, if one cut the first item  of the listed and pasted it as another item, e.g. fifth, the restart marker would have moved with it and the list would have restarted in the middle instead of at the top.
    Users can also create tables in Word. Depending on the version, Word can perform simple calculations. Formulae are supported as well.

Auto Summarize in MS Word

AutoSummarize highlights passages or phrases that it considers valuable. The amount of text to be retained can be specified by the user as a  percentage of the current amount of text.
  According to Ron Fein of the Word 97 team, AutoSummarize cuts wordy copy to the bone by counting words and ranking sentences. First, AutoSummarize identifies the most common words in the document (barring "a" and "the" and the like) and assigns a "score" to each word - the more frequently a word is used, the higher the score. Then, it "averages" each sentence by adding the scores of its words and dividing the sum by the number of words  in the sentence - teh higher the average, the higher the rank of the sentence. "It's like the ratio of wheat to chaff," explains Fein.
  AutoSummarize was removed from Microsoft Word for Mac OS X 2011, although it was present in Word For Mac 2008. AutoSummarize was removed from the Office 2010 release version 14 as well.


The description of versions with their related years:

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/2a/Word_2010.png
Microsoft Word 2010 on Windows 7

Year
Name
Version
1989
Word For Windows 1.0
1.0
1990
Word for Windows 1.1
1.1
1990
Word for Windows 1.1a
1.1a
1991
Word for Windows 2.0
2.0
1993
Word for Windows 6.0
6.0
1995
Word for Windows 95
7.0
1997
Word for Windows 97
8.0
1998
Word for Windows 98
8.5
1999
Word for Windows 2000
9.0
2001
Word for Windows 2002
10.0
2003
Microsoft Word 2003
11.0
2006
Microsoft Word 2007
12.0
2010
Word 2010
14.0
2013
Word 2013
15.0
2016
Word 2016
16.0
2019
Word 2019
16.0


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